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Composes amphiphiles modulables hautement fluorés : synthèse et applications dans le domaine de la vectorisation

Abstract : The work presented in this paper focus on the synthesis and characterization of physico-chemical properties of original fluorocarbon surfactants for obtaining nanovectors models to determine the qualifications required for efficient transport of oligonucleotides in the field of RNA interference. Building on the extensive work reported in the literature and the laboratory expertise in the field of fluorinated amphiphiles, we are interested in the synthesis of two major families of compounds. One corresponds to compounds of Géminis type with two fluorocarbon chains, two polar head groups derived from carboxylic acids and an oxyethylene or polyamine spacer arm. The structure of these compounds is conducive to the formation of stable Langmuir films that used to study interactions with the oligonucleotide. The second family corresponds to monocatenar counterparts who spontaneously self-assembled in vesicles, that is to say 3D models nanovectors. The characterization of the behavior at the air / water interface or in solution of these different molecules in the presence and absence of oligonucleotide allowed us to establish a number of relationships between molecular structure, physicochemical properties and complexation of the oligonucleotide. Preliminary tests of cell viability were performed on cells from human lung and have shown good cell viability at conventional clinical used concentrations and good stability over time. These studies suggest good potential for vectorization of these fluorinated surfactants but that still requires further study as the full characterization of complexes formed with DNA as well as tests for toxicity before testing cell transfection.
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Nicolas Dupuy. Composes amphiphiles modulables hautement fluorés : synthèse et applications dans le domaine de la vectorisation. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10004⟩. ⟨tel-01748221⟩

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