Systèmes fluorés pour la conception de matériaux poreux : Matrices pour la physisorption de biomolécules

Abstract : The self-assembly properties of surfactants and those of silica chemistry have led to the preparation of ordered mesoporous materials with hexagonal, cubic or lamellar symmetry and with pore sizes varying from 2 to more than 10 nm. Recently, they have aroused of great deal of interest to academics and industrialists for the development of fundamental and applied research. However, their use in any industrial process needs a careful consideration of the total comprehension of the synthesis mechanism as well as the control of their structural and textural properties. In this work, the relation between the physicochemical properties of a fluorinated surfactant, C7F15C2H4(OC2H4)8OH, and the characteristics of mesoporous silica was investigated. In spite of the existence of a micellar phase, only wormlike mesoporous materials were obtained. On the other hand, the addition of the perfluorodecalin led to the organisation of the channels according to a hexagonal symmetry. The use of various fluorocarbons of different molecular structures evidenced that this phenomenon is associated to the shift of the cloud point curve towards higher temperatures. Hierarchically porous silica were also prepared from oil-in-water emulsions and their characteristics were correlated to the phase inversion temperature of the surfactant/water/oil system. Finally, the mesoporous materials were used as hosts for the physisorption of enzymes and the results showed that the catalytic activity of the immobilised lipases is preserved.
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Rudina Bleta. Systèmes fluorés pour la conception de matériaux poreux : Matrices pour la physisorption de biomolécules. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN10111⟩. ⟨tel-01748282⟩

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