History the origin, evolution, migration and stock of hydrocarbons in the Sabinas Basin, (NE Mexico): Implication in the integration to petrography, geochemical and geophysics studies in the numeric models 1D, 2D and 3D

Abstract : History the origin, evolution, migration and stock of hydrocarbons in the Sabinas Basin, (NE Mexico): Implication in the integration to petrography, geochemical and geophysics studies in the numeric models 1D, 2D and 3D. The main objective of this work was to study phenomena that influence the time variation of the composition of gases (CH4-CO2-H2S) during the industrial operation of the gas in the Florida-Minero field of the Pirineo Block, in Sabinas basin in the northeast of Mexico. Among the Latter Jurassic and Latter Cretaceous, the Sabinas basin in the northeastern of Mexico, was an important deposit of sediments formed by mainly mixed siliciclastic and carbonate sediments, rich in organic matter of marine and continental origin (predominant). This basin is now a major producer of methane gas in the region and the most important source rocks show the high maturity on the product of a deep burial reaching up to 8 km. Variations of major heat flow during the burial process were the main reason for why just basin produces only dry gas. The diagenetic effects influence in the operation of oil system and are attributed largely to the up-lift of the Laramide Orogeny (49 - 24 ma). These effects in relation to the circulation of fluids are reaction products of TSR, which are studied in detail in this work. To understand better the geochemical evolution of the formation, migration and storage of gas, and to assess the diagenetic history specifically of the Pirineo block, this work was developed using a geochemical modeling (petroleum system 1D, 2D) and geometric 3D. To calibrate the temperature and pressure were used in geochemical and geophysical data set. The geochemical techniques and observation for this investigation were the microscopes; SEM, DRX, and other techniques; Rock-Eval 6, dC13 gas, dC13 and dO18 on rocks. The results of these tests in conjunction with the observations and estimates of thermometry and Raman spectroscopy, applied to fluid inclusions, allowed defining better the stages of hydrocarbon migration and the chronology of the load of the reservoir rocks. The geochemical models were calibrated using as a first step, the% Ro and the BHT, and a second stage the pressure / temperature of the fluid inclusions, which represents the thermodynamic conditions of the fluids at the time of the migration. So based on the obtained results, we can define two hypotheses; - One on the primary cracking of the kerogen without petroleum migration before the uplift, and - A secondary cracking with gas migration during and after the uplift, this for the most important source rock La Casita. This phenomenon of up-lift bring a calculated erosion, between 1.2 and 2.2 km. To this time, the system of faults remained working like route of oil migration, and these were stored in the upper reservoir, which subsequently effects of erosion disappeared. The use of a geochemical model in 2D, was crucial to infer the sedimentation velocity, and thus to know theoretically initially the TOC preserved. The application of mixed kinetics to produce CH4 and CO2, it was possible to apply two kinetic that match with the behavior of organic matter in the basin (TIII, Pepper and Corvi, 1995; CO2, IES, 1993). This allowed estimating the initial petroleum potential of source rocks and petroleum system evolution, particularly the history of formation and accumulation of the oil and gas. After the Middle Cretaceous, the oil trapped in La Casita formation began its transformation into a gas. Fracturing of the up-lift product allowed a migration of CO2 of magmatic origin and this altogether with the accumulated CH4 migrated with a water circulation. The reservoirs rocks of these gases are found in anticline traps, currently exploited. It should be noted that the existence of oil in fluid inclusions in mineral outcrops of fluorite in the neighborhoods to the La Babia and San Marcos faults, is interpreted according to the model results as oil migrated in primary cracking of other bedrock is La Peña Formation, during the up-lift. The interpretation of 2D seismic sections was used in geochemical models and geometric 3D. The results of these models are confirmed and compared with production data. These resources allowed establishing a coherent history of diagenesis for the Pirineo block. According to the models, there are no reported gas reservoirs in the reports; this affirmation is supported by petrographic and geochemical studies of 27 samples for 4 exploratory wells, as well as 162 samples of cuttings from 15 wells. This research shows the combination of the petrographic, geochemical and geophysical resources, for the construction of a comprehensive model (1D-2D and 3D), allowing to propose a regional reconstruction of the petroleum system. In this study we observed the existence of sulfate phenomena reduction, causing the transformation of the rocks-store in stamps and vice versa, as well as the production of CO2 and H2S, based on water-rock interactions.
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Luis Fernando Camacho Ortegon. History the origin, evolution, migration and stock of hydrocarbons in the Sabinas Basin, (NE Mexico): Implication in the integration to petrography, geochemical and geophysics studies in the numeric models 1D, 2D and 3D. Earth Sciences. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Español. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10139⟩. ⟨tel-01748331⟩

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