Influence de la géométrie d'une source thermique sur le développement du panache

Abstract : Many industrial processes use or generate hot sources: furnaces, surface treatment, welding... the releases of heat are generally accompanied by a dispersion of pollutants in the workshop. Thus, the characterization of the plumes of natural convection of the thermal sources is necessary to the dimensioning of the installations of ventilation (exhaust system localised or general ventilation by air volume displacement) for the cleansing of environments of work. I.N.R.S developed an experimental method to characterize in real-scale the plume of thermal sources of simple geometry. A test bench was realised and instrumented for this purpose. It consists of an aeraulic cell whose dimensions are 4,2 m x 4,8 m x 5,6 m equipped with a power station of treatment of air and with a system of ventilation allowing a vertical displacement of flows of air. The cell is equipped with a robot of three-dimensional displacement allowing the positioning of speed and temperature sensors in any point of volume. The carried out experiments study the influence of the geometry of the source on the laws of development of plume starting from measurements of fields of temperature and speed. For the same convective thermal power, the geometry of the sources will be varied to identify its multitude on the development of the plume. A cylindrical source made up of five elements of identical surfaces (4 superimposed identical cylinders and a higher disc) controlled independently in temperature will make it possible to undertake parametric studies on three-dimensional sources. In a similar way a flexible rectangular source will be used.
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Jérôme Blaise. Influence de la géométrie d'une source thermique sur le développement du panache. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10004⟩. ⟨tel-01748346⟩

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