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Applications cliniques de la mesure de la vélocité de l'onde de pouls chez le sujet âgé

Abstract : Background: Increased pulse wave velocity (PWV) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, particularly in elderly. Nevertheless, PWV use in clinical practice is still exceptional due to differences in assessment methods, devices and to the lack of reference values. The aim of this work was to contribute to the clinical use of PWV measurements in the elderly, by establishment of reference values (study I), comparison of four methods (study II) and application of the obtained reference values for prediction of hypotension during anesthesia induction (study III). Patients and Method: I: cross-sectional study of a 455 ambulatory elderly subjects aged 60-80 years. II: assessment of PWV in 50 subjects by using 4 methods (reference method, PulsePen, Complior and PulseTrace). III prospective study in 45 patients with PWV assessment during the pre-surgical evaluation followed by monitored anesthesia induction. Results: despite high correlation between PWV values obtained with the 4 methods, mean values were significantly different, particularly between PulsePen (8.2±2.2 m/s) and Complior (6.0±1.4 m/s) in relation with differences in the used software analyses. Using PulsePen in the study I a value of PWV of 12.9 m/s (corresponding to the higher 95th percentile) was defined as the "normality" threshold. The application of this threshold in another population of the same age (study III) was predictive for hypotension during anesthesia induction with propofol-remifentanil. In conclusion, this work is the first to establish reference values for the aortic PWV with PulsePen in the elderly. A value >12.9 m/s is associated with a higher probability of hypotension during anesthesia induction. The methodological framework of these studies can contribute to develop the use of PWV in clinical practice in aged subjects.
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Cosmin Alecu. Applications cliniques de la mesure de la vélocité de l'onde de pouls chez le sujet âgé. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10066⟩. ⟨tel-01748405⟩



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