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Caractérisation Structurale et Fonctionnelle de deux Enzymes de la Famille des Aldéhyde déshydrogénases : la Glycéraldéhyde-3-Phosphate Déshydrogénase de B. stearothermophilus et l'Erythrose-4-Phosphate Déshydrogénase d'E. coli. : structures cristallographiques d'intermédiaires réactionnels et de complexes enzyme-substrat

Abstract : Even if GAPDH is well characterized from a biochemical and structural point of view, the contribution of its two anion recognition sites to catalysis is still matter of debate. This work presents the crystallization, the strategy for the accumulation of the thioacylenzyme intermediate and for the obtaining of the enzyme-product complex, the resolution and analysis of the corresponding crystallographic structures and the implications in terms of reaction mechanism. The results mainly shed light on the existence of a flip-flop movement of the substrate between the two anion recognition sites during catalysis which is related to the cofactor exchange step. Although structurally related to GAPDHs, the E4PDH is an enzyme fairly less characterized. Many interrogations thus remain on the determinants of cofactor affinity, on the nature of the anion recognition site or on the mechanism of activation of the water molecule that is needed for an efficient hydrolysis step. This dissertation presents the resolution of three crystallographic structures of the E4PDH from E. coli, under the apoenzyme form, in the presence of phosphate or in complex with a cofactor analog. The analysis f these structures allows the characterization of the unique anion recognition site of this enzyme, to propose structural hypotheses to explain the low affinity of this enzyme for its cofactor and also to identify possible candidates for the activation of the nucleophilic water molecule.
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Sébastien Moniot. Caractérisation Structurale et Fonctionnelle de deux Enzymes de la Famille des Aldéhyde déshydrogénases : la Glycéraldéhyde-3-Phosphate Déshydrogénase de B. stearothermophilus et l'Erythrose-4-Phosphate Déshydrogénase d'E. coli. : structures cristallographiques d'intermédiaires réactionnels et de complexes enzyme-substrat. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10091⟩. ⟨tel-01748421⟩

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