Métasomatose sodique et Minéralisations uranifères associées : Exemples du district de Kirovograd-Novoukrainsk (Ukraine), du batholite du Kurupung (Guyana), et du gisement d'Espinharas (Brésil)

Abstract : The Proterozoic uranium ore deposits of Kurupung batholith (2041 ± 29 Ma, North-West of Guyana) and of Kirovograd - Novoukrainsk (granite dated at 2047 ± 19 Ma, Ukraine) are two occurrences where the mineralization (occurring as uraninite, pitchblende, U-Ti oxide) is associated to sodium metasomatism. These occurrences and also the similar mineralizations of South Morocco and of Lagoa Real (Brazil) seem to belong to a major Paleoproterozoic metallogenic event characterized in this study. The uranium ore deposit of Espinharas (Brazil) is also associated to a sodium mineralization and presents a uranium mineralization mainly occurring as coffinite crystals, uranium oxide and uranothorite. This hydrothermal alteration has different stages: (i) albitization with an isomorphic replacement of orthoclase and plagioclase by albite, following by a complete dissolution of the quartz; (ii) crystallization of euhedral albite in cavities left by quartz leaching, following by (iii) the crystallization of calcic minerals (calcite, epidote, pyroxene), uranium minerals (uraninite and/or pitchblende and/or brannerite and/or U-Ti oxide according the ore deposits), hydrothermal zircons, chlorite, and sometimes secondary quartz. The isotopic study (delta18Oalbite between 2.2 and 2.9 % for Ukraine albitites; delta18Oalbite and delta18Ocalcite are between 2.8 and 5.3 % for Guyana albitites) and the microthermometric study (Th > 350°C) have permit to show that the hydrothermal fluid responsible of this hydrothermal alteration and the mineralization is a surface derived fluid with a less salinity. The hydrothermal fluid is silica under-saturated but over-saturated in Na, U and Zr.
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Sandrine Cinelu. Métasomatose sodique et Minéralisations uranifères associées : Exemples du district de Kirovograd-Novoukrainsk (Ukraine), du batholite du Kurupung (Guyana), et du gisement d'Espinharas (Brésil). Sciences de la Terre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10112⟩. ⟨tel-01748473⟩

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