Contribution à la compréhension des modifications moléculaires et macromoléculaires intervenant lors du traitement thermique du bois : Effet sur la réactivité chimique et sur la durabilité du matériau

Abstract : The chemical reactivity of heat treated wood was studied using various reagents such as acid anhydrides and isocyanates. The results indicate an important decrease of the reactivity of heat treated wood compared to untreated one. This decrease of reactivity is explained by an important degradation of hemicelluloses during the heat treatment leading to a reduction in the quantity of free hydroxyl groups able to react with the reagents used. Evolution of the chemical composition of wood during the heat treatment was then investigated using XPS spectroscopy. This method indicated an important decrease of O/C ratio of heat treated beech wood attributed to the formation of carbonization products inside the wood structure. Applied to softwood species, like the pine or the spruce, XPS spectroscopy do not allow to obtain useable results because of the migration of lipophilic extractives on the surface of the samples during the analysis. The formation of carbonization products resulting from the degradation of polysaccharides was confirmed by chemical analyses and CP/MAS 13C NMR. Formation of carbonization products was finally investigated by micro-analysis on samples subjected to different heat treatment conditions. Centesimal composition of wood highlight a strong correlation between the evolution of the carbon and oxygen percentages and the loss of mass caused by the reactions of thermodegradation during the treatment.
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Gildas Nguila-Inari. Contribution à la compréhension des modifications moléculaires et macromoléculaires intervenant lors du traitement thermique du bois : Effet sur la réactivité chimique et sur la durabilité du matériau. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN10106⟩. ⟨tel-01748497⟩

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