Investigation of Hydrogenated and Fluorinated Surfactant Based-Systems for the Design of Porous Silica Materials

Abstract : This work deals with the study of the properties of nonionic hydrogenated and fluorinated surfactant based systems which are related to the synthesis of porous silica. The effect of the solubilization of low fraction of hexadecane or decane in the micelles of C12H25CO(OC2H4)9OCH3 leads to the formation of large mesoporous silica, whereas no swelling effect was noted with cyclohexane. When the materials are templated by fluorinated micelles of C8F17C2H4(OC2H4)9OH, large pore mesoporous materials are obtained with perfluorooctyl bromide (PFOBr). Both PFOBr and perfluorodecalin give rise to macropores at high oil concentrations. With C7F15C2H4(OC2H4)8OH, the fluorocarbon (C4F9CH)2 is not only an effective expander to enlarge the pore size of mesoporous materials, but also very favourable for the design of macropore network. On the contrary, with PFOBr, there is neither mesopore nor macropore. Therefore, both hydrogenated and fluorinated systems obey to the same rule: the formation of macroporous materials template by emulsions is favoured with systems which exhibit a high value of the PIT. Lastly, alcohols used as additives in the C8F17C2H4(OC2H4)9OH -water system to tune the characteristics of the recovered materials. The structural parameters of the hexagonal liquid crystal show the short and medium alcohols behaved like solvent, while the long chain and fluorinated octanol acted as co-surfactant. The short alcohols provoke a micelle breaking effect. Thus, the self-assembly mechanism is disturbed and wormhole-like structures are recovered
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Na Du. Investigation of Hydrogenated and Fluorinated Surfactant Based-Systems for the Design of Porous Silica Materials. Other. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10046⟩. ⟨tel-01748552⟩

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