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Valorisation de la biomasse du Burkina faso : faisabilité de panneaux de particules à base de déchets agricoles et recherche de nouveaux biocides pour la préservation du bois à partir d'essences naturellement durables

Abstract : The first part of work concerns the manufacture of particle boards with sugarcane bagasse or rice husk using various resins among which Melamine-Urea-formaldehyde resins (MUF), Phenol-Formaldehyde resins (PF), polyisocyanates resins (PMDI) and finally of mixtures of PMDI/PF resins. The results obtained show that utilization of PMDI resins gives the best results (good mechanical properties and good water resistance), while PF resins lead to slightly lower results. Mixtures PMDI/PF don't give the awaited results, particle boards obtained having properties similars to those obtained with PF resins. MUF resins lead to the less satisfactory results. The second part of the work, concerns the study of reasons of the natural durability of Burkea africana, Prosopis africana and Pterocarpus erinaceus woods in order to identify new biocides for wood preservation. The separation of the extracts matters contained in the different woods and the study of their fungicidal properties indicates the biocidal properties of some of the compounds contained in the extracts. The study of wood durability undergone with or without preliminary extractions shows that the presence of biocidal compounds in the extracts does not allow to explain the resistance of studied wood to fungi and termites attack. The hydrophobic character of wood as its strong dimensional stability would be also a significant factor of its resistance. The analysis of the products in the etheral extracts indicates the presence of greases, waxes and squalene which can be at the base of the preceding results
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748678
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  • HAL Id : tel-01748678, version 1

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Béli Neya. Valorisation de la biomasse du Burkina faso : faisabilité de panneaux de particules à base de déchets agricoles et recherche de nouveaux biocides pour la préservation du bois à partir d'essences naturellement durables. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN10253⟩. ⟨tel-01748678⟩

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