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Pour une meilleure approche du management des risques : de la modélisation ontologique du processus accidentel au système interactif d'aide à la décision

Abstract : Risk Management was developed at the beginning of the fourties. Since then, it becomes the cornerstone of the Safety Management System (SMS) building. Unfortunately, the practice of risk management remains problematic and completely beyond any harmonization optics. In a step of resolution of the noticed problems, we propose, as alternative for Preliminary Hazard Analysis, the PRM (Preliminary Risk Management) method. That original method would be based on a generic accidental process allowing to channel the mechanisms of capitalization and exploitation of knowledge related to the accident scenarios (causality, entities, situations, events, etc). The PRM method is attached to the Safety Management System (SMS) via the management of the technical and organisational processes. The purpose of this work is firstly to show the 10 problems that we have noticed in risk management, and secondly to deal with these difficulties through the proposal of the ontological-accidental-process- based Preliminary Risk Management (PRM) method in order to enforce the pertinence of the hazard analysis regarding its predominant status in the SMS (Safety Management System). These proposals have been concretized through the development of an Interactive Decision-Making System (IDMS) in order to perform a complete assisted-management-process through an ergonomic Graphical User Interface (GUI)
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748700
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Mohamed Habib Mazouni. Pour une meilleure approche du management des risques : de la modélisation ontologique du processus accidentel au système interactif d'aide à la décision. Autre [cs.OH]. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL074N⟩. ⟨tel-01748700⟩

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