Approche expérimentale de l'évaporation de sprays de combustibles multicomposant

Abstract : Non intrusive optical diagnostics are used in order to investigate the mechanisms that govern the droplets evaporation. A new technique based on 2-colours laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) of the pyrromethene 597-8C9 was developed to obtain the mean temperature of evaporating bicomponent fuel droplets in a linear monodisperse droplet stream. In parallel size evolution of the droplet was measured thanks to forward scattering methods. Data on evaporating and interacting droplet streaming linearly have been collected for different injection parameters and several monocomponent fuels (alcohol, ketones, alkanes) that exhibit different volatilities and bicomponent fuels (mixture of n-decane and 3-pentanone), in a temperature controlled evaporation chamber. Heat and mass transfers parameters (Nusselt and Sherwood numbers) involved in the evaporation process of interacting droplets are inferred from the experimental data. The result exhibits a strong influence of the volatilities of the fuel on the effect of the interaction on heat and mass transfers. Then the 2-colours LIF technique was extended to measure the mean temperature within a spray made of bicomponent droplets (n-decane / 3-pentanone), injected in a hot air flow where the turbulence and boundary conditions are controlled. By means of a coupling with the PDA (Particle Dynamic Analyser), temperature for each size of droplets was determined
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Valérie Deprédurand. Approche expérimentale de l'évaporation de sprays de combustibles multicomposant. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL060N⟩. ⟨tel-01748730⟩

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