Mécanisme cinétique hétérogène détaillé de dépôt de pyrocarbone

Abstract : Industrial Carbon/Carbon composite manufacturing processes consist in the densification of a porous substrate (preform) by deposition of gaseous precursors. The aim of this work was to develop and validate a detailed kinetic mechanism modeling heterogeneous reactions of pyrocarbon deposition by propane pyrolysis. Experiments were carried out using an experimental set-up appropriate for studying the kinetics of hetero-homogeneous reactions. Chromatographic analysis were performed to quantify 29 gas phase species, the deposition rate being measured by weighing. We studied the influence of the following experimental parameters: temperature (900-1050°C), residence time (0.5-4 s), S/V ratio (20-170 cm-1) and composition of the reactor inlet (addition of hydrogen, acetylene and benzene). The heterogeneous mechanism contains 275 surface elementary steps involving 66 surface sites. Kinetic parameters of surface reactions were estimated by analogy with gas phase prototype reactions. Simulations were carried out using the Surface Chemkin package. The model is efficient to quantitatively predict the deposition rate as well as the mole fractions of major gas phase species. The mole fractions of minor species are semi-quantitatively predicted. The flow rate analysis demonstrates that the pyrocarbon is mostly formed by deposition of methyl radicals and small unsaturated species (acetylene, ethylene) in our experimental conditions
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Rémy Lacroix. Mécanisme cinétique hétérogène détaillé de dépôt de pyrocarbone. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL063N⟩. ⟨tel-01748732⟩

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