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Durabilité de la filière laitière des petits ruminants au Liban : analyse et signe de qualité label "Baladi"

Abstract : The aim of this study is to evaluate the sustainability of dairy small ruminant supply chain in Lebanon and to identify its weaknesses in order to suggest solutions guaranteeing its durability. The results relevant to a survey covering 129 breeders (Srour, 2006) and to three other surveys covering 15 processors, 83 distributors and 250 consumers were combined in 12 parameters representing the three facets of sustainability (environmental, social and economical). The results were used to design a labelling scheme containing solutions to sustainability problems; the latter was then validated with 16 breeders, 15 processors, 17 distributors, and 20 consumers. The breeders are responsible for the most important environmental impact of the supply chain and suffer from a high economical fragility. The processors are characterized with a shortage of investment and waste treatment policy but present the best social conditions to their employees and hold the best added value performance despite a weak growth rate. At the distributors? level, groceries are in regression, facing large retailers in full expansion and offering better social conditions to their employees. The consumers ignore the sustainability concept and base their trust on the salesmen in buying traditional products. The application of the labelling scheme is supported by its originality, the absence of similar products and the geographical situation, but it has to take into consideration the receptiveness of the market (local and foreign) and the absence of specialized infrastructure
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01748739
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  • HAL Id : tel-01748739, version 1

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Rodrigue El Balaa. Durabilité de la filière laitière des petits ruminants au Liban : analyse et signe de qualité label "Baladi". Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL076N⟩. ⟨tel-01748739⟩

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