Conversion of methane and carbon dioxide on porous catalytic membranes

Abstract : This study reports the development of a new process to convert methane and carbon dioxide (dry methane reforming - DMR) into valuable products such as syngas from non-oil resources. The practical interest is to produce syngas from carbon containing exhaust industrial gases. This process uses membrane catalytic systems (MCS) that support heterogeneous catalytic reactions in gaseous phase in ceramic micro-channels. The active surface of the catalysts formed inside the micro-channels is low in term of area, but it is characterized by a high value of the catalyst surface/volume ratio, which induces a high efficiency of heterogeneous catalysis. The SMC are formed from alkoxy derivatives and precursor metal complex containing between 0.008 and 0.055% by weight of nano-components mono-and bimetallic active distributed evenly in the channels. For systems [La-Ce] -MgO-Ti02/Ni-Al and Pd-Mn-Ti02/Ni-Al, productivities of 10500 and 7500 l/h · dm3 membr. were respectively obtained by RSM at 450°C with a composition of syngas H2/ ranging from 0.63 to 1.25 and a conversion rate of 50% with a CH4/CO2 (1/1) feed. Thus the CMS is an order of magnitude more efficient than a fixed bed reactor of the same catalyst. The MDR is initiated by the oxidation of CH4 by structural oxygen of metal oxides available on the surface, and the CO2 reacts with the finely divided carbon arising from the dissociation of CH4. A catalytic synergy has been demonstrated for the system Pd-Mn. This CMS, having 108 pores per cm² of surface, can be considered as a set of nano reactors. Thus this new approach is very promising for industry (synthesis of olefins, uses of biomass)
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Alexey Fedotov. Conversion of methane and carbon dioxide on porous catalytic membranes. Other. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. English. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL099N⟩. ⟨tel-01748746⟩

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