Étude de l'oxydation en phase gazeuse de composants des gazoles et des biocarburants diesel

Abstract : Because of the complexity of their compositions, the study of the oxidation of diesel and biodiesel fuels requires choosing model molecules (surrogates) representing the real mixtures. In this context, we have selected two molecules to represent the diesel fuel: n-decane, usually considered as model molecule of paraffin contained in diesel fuel, and n-hexadecane, molecule of reference for the estimation of the cetane number, and two molecules representing biodiesel fuel: methyl palmitate (C17H34O2, a saturated methyl ester) and methyl oleate (C19H36O2, an unsaturated methyl ester). The study of oxidation of these molecules has been conducted in a jet-stirred reactor, with an equivalence ratio of 1, temperatures between 550 and 1100 K, at atmospheric pressure and for a constant residence time of 1.5 sec. The formation of a large number of species has been observed which includes olefins, dienes, unsaturated methyl esters, cyclic ethers with different size of ring, ketones and aldehydes. Using two new versions of EXGAS software, detailed kinetic mechanisms for the oxidation of the studied molecules were generated and validated by comparaison with experiemental results. Finally, a comparison of the reactivity of n-decane, n-hexadecane, methyl palmitate and methyl oleate and amounts of formed products (including some pollutants) has been performed
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Mohammed Hichem Hakka. Étude de l'oxydation en phase gazeuse de composants des gazoles et des biocarburants diesel. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL001N⟩. ⟨tel-01748792⟩

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