Study of gas-liquid two-phase flows and bubble behaviors in microchannels

Abstract : Gas-liquid two-phase flow is an important research project in microfluidics. The gas-liquid two-phase flow, the bubble formation and moving behaviours in microchannels were investigated, by using a high speed digital camera and a micro Particle Image Velocimetry (micro-PIV). The gas-liquid two-phase flow in vertical rectangular microchannels was investigated and a flow pattern map was constructed; the bubble formation in both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids in cross-flowing microfluidic T-junctions and flow-focusing devices was investigated; the bubble formation process could be divided into expansion, collapse and pinch-off stages; the collapse speed of the gaseous thread in the second stage is controlled by the squeezing pressure, and is proportional to the liquid flow rates; while the minimum width of the neck of the gaseous thread in the third stage for bubble formation in flow-focusing devices could be scaled with the remaining time to the ultimate pinch-off as a power law relationship with an exponent of 1/3; the PAAm solutions prolong the gaseous thread in the tangential direction of the neck; bubble coalescence in a microchannel with an expansion section was studied; the bubble behavior in a microchannel with a loop was also investigated
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Taotao Fu. Study of gas-liquid two-phase flows and bubble behaviors in microchannels. Other. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Chinese. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL030N⟩. ⟨tel-01748800⟩

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