Exploration des mécanismes évolutionnaires appliqués à la conception architecturale : mise en oeuvre d'un algorithme génétique guidé par les qualités solaires passives de l'enveloppe

Abstract : This research tackles the exploration and the qualification of evolutionary mechanisms applied to the architectural design. Here, it is the environmental qualities and more particularly the passive solar qualities of the envelope of the building that will guide the evolutionary process. We become attached more particularly to the initial phases of the conception, and we try to specify a aided digital tool of facilitating and stimulating a creative design. Having established and structured the knowledge on the processes of conception, on the creativity, on the thermal qualities and on the evolutionary methods, we propose a prototypal tool, based on an genetic algorithm and implanted in a modeller software. This one was experimented in the educational environment, and led to us to characterize the modalities of creation and conceptualization of the architectural shape within the framework of an evolutionary instrumentation.So we note the cognitive fall of an implicit thought towards an explicit thought as a main characteristic of the generative tools. Furthermore we insist on the importance of the significant indecision as essential constituent of the creation. Finally we propose the notion of "transform" as characteristic element of a thought of the process and the multiplicity. This "meta-shape" would arise from the description of the conditions of shaping through the parameterisation of the behaviours at the limits and from modalities of emergence
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Philippe Marin. Exploration des mécanismes évolutionnaires appliqués à la conception architecturale : mise en oeuvre d'un algorithme génétique guidé par les qualités solaires passives de l'enveloppe. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL022N⟩. ⟨tel-01748863⟩

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