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Modélisation de la combustion et des polluants dans la ligne d'échappement d'un moteur

Abstract : The aim of this PhD thesis is the development of a predictive numerical model capable of simulating hydrocarbon postoxidation in an IC engine exhaust line. The model should reproduce the auto-ignition of hydrocarbons, as well as the evolution of pollutants and combustion products under postoxidation conditions. For this purpose, a detailed kinetic reaction model was developed. It should be valid at low temperatures and under highly diluted conditions. The model should also take into account the effects of the major components of engine exhaust gas on hydrocarbon postoxidation. These are CO², H2O, and N2, acting as diluting species, but also CO and NOx, which even in small amounts, may strongly impact hydrocarbon oxidation kinetics. These species must hence be considered for postoxidation modelling.In order to gather chemical and physical effects such as turbulence and mixing, the chemical kinetic mechanism was coupled with a turbulent combustion model designed for CFD 3D engine computations. An a priori tabulation methodology was developed, minimizing computational effort and the developed tabulation technique was validated under postoxidation conditions in an IC-engine exhaust line. The coupled chemical kinetics tabulation and turbulent mixing model was implemented in the CFD code IFP-C3D. Simulations were performed on a configuration representative of the physical phenomena characteristic of hydrocarbon postoxidation in exhaust lines. Results improved the understanding of postoxidation phenomena in an IC-engine exhaust line and propose technical solutions for an enhanced postoxidation control
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Jörg-Michel Anderlohr. Modélisation de la combustion et des polluants dans la ligne d'échappement d'un moteur. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL100N⟩. ⟨tel-01748890⟩

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