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Conception et caractérisation d'un microcontacteur à film tombant : concept de distillation microstructurée

Abstract : In many processes of mass transformation, entropic degradations (and energy consumptions which results from) can be minimized by distributing heat flows in all process volume rather than boundaries (example: diabatic distillation). However it is difficult to control and impose thermal gradients on small scales because of their complexity and high costs (exchangers, fluids). This technological difficulty affects not only the performances and energy efficiencies of conventional devices (macro scales) but also small devices (e.g. microstructured reactors). Indeed, compact equipments with small dimensions generate some difficulties. First, the driving force inducing liquid flow by gravity is very small. Second, small size and high thermal conductivity of the material induce thermal homogeneity instead of managing temperature gradients in the system. In many separators, the used packing material has complex forms that make difficult thermal and hydrodynamic structurations. Microstructured devices, based on microchannel plate technologies, offer an interesting possibility of thermal structuration (control and modulation of energy fluxes) and hydrodynamics control (e.g. mass transfer, residence times, pressure drop etc). In this thesis, many discussions on these technological barriers led to the design of a new microstructured falling film contactor. The aim of the present work is to study heat transfer phenomena and liquid hydrodynamics in this device and, investigates the separation feasibility of a binary mixture of ethanol and n-propanol. Microcontactor performances were experimentally evaluated in terms of quality (bottom and top concentrations) and quantity (bottom and top flow rate ratios). To fully characterize contactor performances, the separation power concept (also called compositional exergy) was integrated
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Abdoulaye Kane. Conception et caractérisation d'un microcontacteur à film tombant : concept de distillation microstructurée. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL086N⟩. ⟨tel-01748892⟩

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