La question de l'autorité chez les novateurs de la revue "Les Cahiers pédagogiques" de 1957 à 1989 : contribution foucaldienne à une histoire des discours des enseignants militants

Abstract : Over the past few years, a new form of discourse has emerged : the fact that the movement of pedagogical renovation has had a bad influence on education, and that the 68 movement has provoked authority to disappear. Under the pressure of injunctions asking for "renoving authority", this historical interpretation tends to become more pregnant in people's mind. This piece of work questions those pieces or "evidence", proposing to answer three major concerns: what does the Innovative literature say about authority, under which conditions those ideas are made possible? Why does the authority emerge as a concern at some point? Which kind of authority is thought? To answer those questions, we chose to focus on a militating journal "Les Cahiers pédagogiques". The reference to Michel Foucault allows us to build a theoretical paradigm to answer those crucial questions. Starting from three case studies from the 1957-89 period, we reconstituted different discursive formations setting three kinds of discourse on authority : discourse on discipline, on authority of the future, and on the authority of inequalities. The evolution of those discursive forms is related to the emergence of an egalitarian hypothesis of emancipation against a crisis, then related to the erasement of this attempt to build a new society. From this piece of work, we are now able to give different points of view on nowadays "evidence" and the problematic of authority.
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Xavier Riondet. La question de l'autorité chez les novateurs de la revue "Les Cahiers pédagogiques" de 1957 à 1989 : contribution foucaldienne à une histoire des discours des enseignants militants. Education. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN21012⟩. ⟨tel-01748899⟩

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