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Modélisation numérique des vibrations linéaires et non linéaires des structures sandwichs à âme viscoélastique

Abstract : The problem of interest is the numerical modeling of three layered viscoelastic sandwich structures used for passive damping and vibration control. The complexity in the dynamic modeling of these structures lies in the presence on the one hand of the material nonlinearities due to the frequency and temperature dependence of the stiffness and on the other hand of the geometrical nonlinearities due to large amplitude vibrations. We propose in this work a modeling framework of linear and nonlinear vibrations of viscoelastic sandwich beams and plates that takes into account the frequency dependent behaviour. Coupling the asymptotic numerical method to automatic differentiation techniques, we developed a generic algorithm for the solution of the complex eigenvalue problem governing the linear free vibrations of viscoelastic sandwich structures. The algorithm is implemented using Matlab language and a numerical solver has been designed for direct and exact computation of damping properties and vibration modes, whatever the dependence on frequency of the viscoelastic law. The efficiency of the algorithm is illustrated on three different viscoelastic models: the constant modulus model, the generalized Maxwell model and the fractional derivative model. Then, we presented a finite element based theory for nonlinear vibration analysis of viscoelastic sandwich beams. This theory combines the harmonic balance technique to one mode Galerkin's procedure and allows to reduce the nonlinear vibration problem in a complex amplitude equation. Solving the amplitude equation yields the modal properties and the amplitude responses. An assessment of the Galerkin's basis choice for various eigenmodes approaches shows the inaccuracy of the classical real eigenmodes used for linear and nonlinear vibration analysis. The theory is applied to model the nonlinear vibrations of viscoelastic sandwich plates. The amplitude equation coefficients are established in the finite element framework by numerically solving three problems: a nonlinear complex eigenvalue problem and two linear problems. For the efficiency of the proposed method, the Galerkin's basis has been improved using complex eigenmodes in order to take account the damping in the vibration modes. The obtained results show the effects of geometrical nonlinearities, boundary conditions and temperature on the modal properties and amplitude responses
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Massamaesso Bilasse. Modélisation numérique des vibrations linéaires et non linéaires des structures sandwichs à âme viscoélastique. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010METZ032S⟩. ⟨tel-01748929⟩

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