Incompatibilité du réseau cristallin et organisation collective des dislocations

Abstract : A field dislocation theory was studied in various plasticity problems where the dislocation distribution involves internal stresses of the order of applied stress field. This theory couples the dynamics of statistical and excess dislocation densities. The latter accommodate plastic distortion gradients and generate internal stress fields. A 2D model was introduced. As a first application, it reproduced the intermittency of plasticity. This phenomenon is linked to internal stresses which, associated with transport equation, lead to a collective movement of dislocations, in the form of fast and localized avalanches. The model then described the torsion creep of ice single crystals. Excess basal screw dislocations accommodate its deformation. A softening size effect with decreasing radius and the original behavior in reversed torsion were also reproduced. The model then studied the evolution of dislocation structures during the aging of ice single crystals deformed in compression creep. Internal stresses relaxation increase creep rate while dislocation structure annihilation remains negligible. The model finally showed that internal stresses generated during the propagation of a Lüders band in mild steels avoid the nucleation of a new band after aging if the sense of straining is reversed. Internal stresses, associated with transport equation, are responsible for band propagation
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Vincent Taupin. Incompatibilité du réseau cristallin et organisation collective des dislocations. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ025S⟩. ⟨tel-01749008⟩

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