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Théories cohésives de rupture pour l'analyse numérique de l'endommagement des matériaux

Abstract : In the framework of finite element discretization, cracks are modelled explicitly as a pair of surfaces breaking the continuity of the body, and the inelastic behaviors exhibited by the are described globally through cohesive laws derived from a sound thermodynamic background. The approach pursued here allows the cohesive surfaces to develop along boundary surfaces of solid elements. An automatic procedure able to modify adaptively geometry and topology of a solid mesh has been developed. Although such choice may reduce the possibility to describe accurately the crack path, since the crack segments are intrinsically dependent on the initial mesh size, the procedure has been validated through the simulation of a number of dynamic fracture experiments. Applications to dynamic fracture of classic brittle materials, ductile materials, polymers and composites, and biological tissues proved that the methodology is reliable and highly predictive. The presence of a characteristic time scale confers to cohesive models combined with dynamics an intrinsic rate-dependence without the need of modelling viscosity explicitly. As closing part of this work, we propose an innovative material model based on cohesive theories. We directly construct special micro-structures by distributing equi-spaced cohesive surfaces in a continuum material. The model accounts for elasticity of the bulk, nucleation of faults and cohesive and frictional behavior. Micro-structures can the material with several length scales. Such material model is suitable to describe the dynamic behavior up to failure of brittle materials, undergoing compressive loading
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Anna Pandolfi. Théories cohésives de rupture pour l'analyse numérique de l'endommagement des matériaux. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ051S⟩. ⟨tel-01749018⟩

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