Contribution to the study of deformation twinning in titanium

Abstract : Titanium and its alloys are widely used in aviation, space, military, construction and biomedical industry because of the high fracture strength, high ductility and good biocompatibility. The mechanisms of plastic deformation in titanium have been studied in detail, especially deformation twinning since it has a great influence on the ductility and fracture strength. In this study, an interrupted "in situ" SEM/EBSD investigation based on a split sample of commercial titanium T40 was proposed and performed in rolling and channel die compression. This approach allows to obtain the time resolved information of the appearance of the twin variants, their growth, the interaction between them and the interaction with the grain boundaries or twin boundaries. With the orientation data acquired by the EBSD technique, we calculated the Schmid factor, crystallographic geometry, and plastic energy associated with each variant of primary twins, secondary twins and double twins to investigate the lattice rotation, the activation of twins, the growth of twins, and the variant selection criterion. In this observation, two types of twin systems were activated: {10-12} tension and {11-22} compression twins. Secondary twins were also activated, especially the twin variants with the highest Schmid factors (e.g. higher than 0.4). The growth of the two types of twin is quite different. The {11-22} twin shows Multiple Variants System (MVS) whereas the {10-12} twin shows Predominant Variant System (PVS). The twinning occurs in grains that have particular orientations. Generally, the reorientation induced by the twinning aligns the c-axis of the twinned part to the stable rolling texture orientations, so that no further secondary twinning can be induced. The secondary twinning occurs only when the primary twinning orientates the c-axis of the primary twins far away from the stable orientations. For twinned grains, the lattice rotation of the matrix is similar to that of the grains having a similar crystallographic orientation but without any twin. Two sets of double twins were observed in this study, classified as C-T1 and T1-C double twins respectively. All the variants of C-T1 and T1-C double twins were classified into three groups: A, B and C according to the crystallographic symmetry. The misorientations of theses three groups with respect to the matrix are 41.34°, 48.44° and 87.85°. Strong variant selection took place in double twinning. In C-T1 double twins, 78.9% variants belong to group B whereas in T1-C double twins, 66.7% variants belong to group C. The plastic energy and Schmid factor both play important roles in the variant selection of double twinning. Geometrical characteristics, like the common volume or strain accommodation do not contribute significantly to the variant selection
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Lei Bao. Contribution to the study of deformation twinning in titanium. Other. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011METZ014S⟩. ⟨tel-01749050⟩

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