Synthèse électrochimique de nanofils de Bi2Te3 dans des matrices poreuses en polycarbonate

Abstract : Bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) is the thermoelectric reference material at room temperature. Its figure of merit is defined from its thermal and electronic properties and allows estimating its efficiency. Among recent ways to improve this factor, nanostructuration appears to be a promising approach. Bi2Te3 nanowire arrays have been obtained by electrochemical deposition within the pores of polycarbonate membranes of 30 um length and homogeneous diameter from 30 nm to 120 nm. The project aims the use of filled membranes as efficient thermoelectric elements and the studies were focused on three main aspects. First of all, the filling ratio of the porous volume has been improved by adding 50 % v/v of DMSO in the electrolyte, allowing raising this value from 40 % to 80 %. The second part concerned the electrochemical behavior indepth studies. The identified voltammetric peaks showed that the DMSO leads to a negative shift of the deposition potential whereas the membrane involves a positive shift. The understanding of electrochemical systems offered the opportunity to monitor the nanowire chemical composition. The nanowire morphology, microstructure and composition were mainly studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy. Calibrated Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy revealed a homogeneous composition along the nanowires excepted at both their extremities. However, these localized deviations can be partially inhibited by adjusting the deposition potential. Diffraction analyses revealed textured polycrystalline structures with strong orientation perpendicular to (01.5) planes. Finally, thermoelectric measurements were carried out for nanowire arrays and for individual nanowires
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Cédric Frantz. Synthèse électrochimique de nanofils de Bi2Te3 dans des matrices poreuses en polycarbonate. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011METZ023S⟩. ⟨tel-01749133⟩

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