Eléments finis courbes et accélération pour le transport de neutrons

Abstract : To model the nuclear reactors, the stationnary linear Boltzmann equation is solved. After discretising the energy and the angular variables, the hyperbolic equation is numerically solved with the discontinuous finite element method. The MINARET code uses this method on a triangular unstructured mesh in order to deal with complex geometries (like containing arcs of circle). However, the meshes with straight edges only approximate such geometries. With curved edges, the mesh fits exactly to the geometry, and in some cases, the number of triangles decreases. The main task of this work is the study of finite elements on curved triangles with one or several curved edges. The choice of the basis functions is one of the main points for this kind of finite elements. We obtained a convergence result under the assumption that the curved triangles are not too deformed in comparison with the associated straight triangles. Furthermore, a code has been written to treat triangles with one, two or three curved edges. Another part of this work deals with the acceleration of transport calculations. Indeed, the problem is solved iteratively, and, in some cases, can converge really slowly. A DSA (Diffusion Synthetic Acceleration) method has been implemented using a technique from interior penalty methods. A Fourier analysis in 1D and 2D allows to estimate the acceleration for infinite periodical media, and to check the stability of the numerical scheme when strong heterogeneities exist
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Jean-Yves Moller. Eléments finis courbes et accélération pour le transport de neutrons. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0001⟩. ⟨tel-01749157⟩

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