Le statut juridique en droit international du réfugié écologique : une nécessité ! Le phénomène migratoire du fait des modifications environnementales

Abstract : In recent years, the process of climate change and environmental events trigger without any doubt a massive migration within and sometimes beyond national borders. A new category of people - victims themselves of these disasters that cause dangerous effects on the enjoyment of human rights - often grouped under the label «ecological refugees» flee a shaky situation likely to be exacerbated by the incapacity, the limited natural resources or, furthermore, the State's negligence. This term, mainly descriptive of a situation, has no legal value in international refugee law as long as the international refugee protection regime was not designed to deal with situations of environmental disruptions. In this context, in regard of the needs of people displaced by the effects of climate change, there is a necessity to establish a legal status for environmental refugees. It's not just the responsibility of the host State that must be analyzed, but also that of the State of origin. Several issues require prompt and adequate response. How can we protect the affected populations? Would it be appropriate to qualify as refugees certain categories of these displaced people by environmental change? What is the status of displaced persons due to the disappearance of a State submerged below sea level? If a State failed to effectively protect its citizens during a natural disaster, isn't it responsible for the mass migration? Or, can we consider that the existing international legal instruments can already protect and assist environmental refugees?
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2012_0043_CHOTOURAS.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749178
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:08:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 25, 2019 - 3:28:06 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01749178, version 1

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Dimitrios Chotouras. Le statut juridique en droit international du réfugié écologique : une nécessité ! Le phénomène migratoire du fait des modifications environnementales. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-01749178⟩

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