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Ultra high resolution crystallography of small molecules and proteins

Abstract : Ultra high resolution X-ray crystallography allows for analyzing the charge distribution in the molecules and provides methods to study the intermolecular interactions at a deeper level. Structural studies of several thiophene based compounds have been carried out and the phenomenon of disorder has been discussed. Experimental and theoretical charge density analysis of two important molecules was performed using a multipolar atom model. A new virtual atom model is also tested which allows for a rapid calculation of the electrostatic properties. The hydrogen bonding with oxygen atom acceptor is studied through an extensive survey of more than 500,000 crystal structures. The stereo chemical results are compared with the electron density of the oxygen atoms in different chemical environments which give conclusive evidences for the dependence of directionality of hydrogen bonds on the shape and orientation of the electrons lone pairs. Finally, it has been shown that how in the absence of high resolution X-rays data, principle of transferability of electron density parameters between molecules can be used to study the electrostatic properties and the intermolecular interactions. This principle has been successfully applied to a small thiophene based molecule and the large FAD binding protein Cholesterol oxidase
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749192
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Maqsood Ahmed. Ultra high resolution crystallography of small molecules and proteins. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0024⟩. ⟨tel-01749192⟩

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