Contribution à l'analyse de l'émergence d'un droit dérivé onusien dans le cadre du système de sécurité collective

Abstract : Geopolitical upheavals resulting from the end of the cold war and subsequent deepening globalization have helped to complete the normative revolution started at the end of the 19th century in the international legal order consisting of transforming the war sovereign State competence into a fundamental forbidding, structuring the new global legal order born with the adoption of the Charter of San Francisco. To maintain and restore international peace and security, the Charter of the United Nations establishes a collective security system built around the Security Council, a single body able to authorize the use of coercion in the international legal order. A threat to peace has consequences on the emergence of acts of secondary UN legislation adopted by the Council and its subsidiary bodies, heterogeneous but hierarchical and centralised, and which compose an organic and normative chain, which roots in the Chapter VII of the Charter. This normative body forms the legal treatment of crisis situations and allows a forced internationalization of the exercise of any sovereign competence, both normative and executive, both territorial and personal. The singular object of those acts reveals the need of a rereading of relations between legal systems as it implies that legal orders entering into complementary relations, finding in each order the means that it lacks in order to face a threat to peace, even subsidiary relations when threat to peace grows to an extreme high level, international order replacing for a while intern order. Traditionally interpreted as a intersubjective law regulating relations between States alone, international law is enriched through the emergence of a set of objective rules to be used by States whose purpose is to create a framework for the exercise of any sovereign competence in order to restore peace and which contribute to the international legal order constitutionnalisation.
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Oriane Ben Attar. Contribution à l'analyse de l'émergence d'un droit dérivé onusien dans le cadre du système de sécurité collective. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0208⟩. ⟨tel-01749255⟩

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