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Développement d'une nouvelle approche hybride pour la modélisation des échanges thermiques à l'interface outil-copeau : application à l'usinage de l'alliage d'aluminium aéronautique AA2024-T351

Abstract : This PhD. thesis is realised in the framework of an international cooperation between the University of Lorraine (France) and the University of Oujda (Morocco). The work done concerns the modelling of machining process by material removal. Two important aspects of machining have been investigated: the chip formation process and the heat exchange at the tool-chip interface. In the first part of the thesis, a FE modelling of the cutting process has been established. Chips segmentation have been particularly analysed using à new parameter (Segmentation Intensity Ratio) allowing the quantification of the phenomenon. A correlation has been established between the cutting force reduction and the chip segmentation intensity. The second part of the thesis has been devoted to the study of heat exchange at the tool-chip interface, among other phenomena that contribute to the tool wear. One important point of the study is the establishment of a hybrid identification procedure (analytical/numerical) to estimate the heat flux transmitted into the cutting tool, and identification of the heat partition coefficient at the contact interface for each cutting speed. With identified values of the heat partition coefficient obtained by varying the cutting speed, a heat exchange multi-branch law has been proposed and parameters of this law have been identified. This law corresponds firstly to the evolution of the heat partition coefficient as a function of the cutting speed. Thereafter, it was defined in term of the relative sliding velocity at the tool-chip contact interface, in order to implement it in a FE code. The user interface VUINTER of Abaqus/Explicit has been used to implement the proposed law, to fully control the mechanical and thermal contact. It is henceforth possible to implement with this user interface any thermomechanical contact (friction, heat partition coefficient, etc.). The implementation via the user subroutine VUINTER was validated first on adequate tests, then on machining. The obtained results for heat fluxes with this new procedure are in good agreement with experimental measurements for the tool-workmaterial couple considered: AA2024-T351/WC-Co
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Samir Atlati. Développement d'une nouvelle approche hybride pour la modélisation des échanges thermiques à l'interface outil-copeau : application à l'usinage de l'alliage d'aluminium aéronautique AA2024-T351. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0200⟩. ⟨tel-01749259⟩

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