Dépendances à distance en français contemporain. Etude sur corpus : "C'est ce qu'on pense qui devrait être fait"

Abstract : My dissertation focuses on sequences "WH- Verb_Construction1 that Verb_Construction2" (see caption) in which it is traditionally admitted that dependency between the WH- and the embedded VC2 is done at long-distance. This construction has been the subject of numerous studies and all of them conclude that constraints regulate its employment. But these studies are based on either the authors' or speakers' intuition, or on other languages than French. My study is based on 229 utterances extracted from 3M words of spoken French and 9M words of written French. I aim first to confirm the assumptions made in these works (corpus-based). Some are correct: WH- is always a V2 subject, complement or circonstant, V1 is a frequent verb, which is semantically simple and has a modal value. However, there is no prototypique formula and V1 don't exclude factive verbs. In a second step, I examine the syntactic, lexical and pragmatic characteristics of VC1 (corpus-driven). Little research has been done on this topic to date. VC1 occurs as "pronominal subject + verb", which could support the hypothesis of performance constraints. But the constancy of VC1 form, its modal meaning and its relationship with the VC2 (hardly pronominalisable) lead me to consider that the whole "VC1 that VC2" is not an embedded structure but a "complex verb", which is a string of verbs similar to sequences in "VC1 infinitive_VC2". The bubble representation proposed by Kahane (2000) clearly reflects that WH- is a local dependent of the complex verb.
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Lolita Berard. Dépendances à distance en français contemporain. Etude sur corpus : "C'est ce qu'on pense qui devrait être fait". Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0321⟩. ⟨tel-01749301⟩

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