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Films composites amidon de manioc-kaolinite : influence de la dispersion de l'argile et des interactions argile-amidon sur les propriétés des films

Abstract : In this study, composites films made from glycerol plasticized cassava starch and a kaolinite clay, as mineral filler, were studied. The origin and mechanisms of clay-starch interactions and their role on films properties are examined. To deal with the unexpandable nature of kaolinite, an analysis of its exfoliation mechanism was done through dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) intercalation followed by DMSO displacement using ethyl acetate and ammonium acetate. The crystalline structure of kaolinite is deeply disordered upon DMSO displacement because of a random reassociation of the clay layers. A better dispersion of the intercalated kaolinite within a polymer matrix is then expected. This expectation was confirmed by the comparison of microscopes and X-ray diffraction analyses on films charged with various dosages of raw or DMSO intercalated kaolinite. The lowering of the glass transition temperature and the elastic modulus together with the increase of barrier effects to thermal decomposition, water vapour diffusion and visible UV transmission, confirmed that the intercalated kaolinite is better dispersed. The starch chain orientation coupled to increase starch/glycerol miscibility due to the transportation of glycerol at the interface by clay particles are the two mechanisms that better explained plasticization effect induced by the filler. The interference of starch-kaolinite interactions on starch chain-chain interactions caused a decrease of starch matrix cristallinity that contribute to increase plasticization. The starch-kaolinite interactions are found to be weak due electrostatic repulsion associated to some weak associative forces due to hydrogen bonds
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Jean Aimé Mbey. Films composites amidon de manioc-kaolinite : influence de la dispersion de l'argile et des interactions argile-amidon sur les propriétés des films. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0006⟩. ⟨tel-01749332⟩

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