Design d'un territoire avec des bâtiments sans énergie fossile à l'horizon 2050

Abstract : With 42% of the final energy consumption and 25% of CO2 emissions, the French building sector represents a major challenge to manage the energy bill for households, regional communities and the State. This doctoral thesis analyses how communities are able to be involved in projects aiming at reducing energy consumptions in buildings. It proposes to formalize a collaborative design process of energy efficiency program, usable for local actors. The original thesis hypothesis asserts that a significant improvement of the energy efficiency in buildings depends on a paradigm shift of the economic model and proposes the functional economy as a potential solution. Three experimentations were followed to build the argumentation and its validation: the departments of Meuse and Haute-Marne, the two villages of Dammarie-sur-Saulx (Meuse) and Epizon (Haute-Marne) and the city of Commercy (Meuse). This work defines on key success factors of a energy efficiency program and its assessment; the need to use a new economic model as a landmark to establish the action relevance. This work highlights also other programs taking account an evolution of the building sector organisation
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Grégory Kotnarovsky. Design d'un territoire avec des bâtiments sans énergie fossile à l'horizon 2050. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0015⟩. ⟨tel-01749338⟩

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