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Trois études autour de sommes de fonctions multiplicatives sur les entiers friables

Abstract : This dissertation is devoted to studying three problems, all linked to estimates for sums of multiplicative functions over friable integers. An integer n is called y-friable if its largest prime factor P(n) does not exceed y. In a first part, we consider a random multiplicative function in the sense of Wintner, i.e. a multiplicative arithmetic function f supported on squarefree integers and such that, for each prime p, f(p) is a Bernoulli random variable taking each value +1 and -1 with probability 1/2. Elaborating on previous works by Wintner, Erdös, Halasz, Lau, Tenenbaum and Wu, we investigate upper bounds for the summatory function of f over y-friable integers not exceeding x. In the second part, we provide asymptotic estimates for sums of certain multiplicative functions, including Euler's totient, over shifted friable integers. This study depends on the distribution of friable integers in arithmetic progressions. In the third part, we consider a friable extension of the Arcsine law for the mean distribution of the divisors of integers. The original study is due to Deshouillers, Dress and Tenenbaum (1979). We describe the limit law in terms of the Dickman functions and we show that, as the friability parameter u = (log x)/log y increases, the mean distribution drifts from the Arcsine law towards a Gaussian behaviour
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Joseph Basquin. Trois études autour de sommes de fonctions multiplicatives sur les entiers friables. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0148⟩. ⟨tel-01749344⟩

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