Solides hybrides organique - inorganique à base de molécules dicarboxylates et d'éléments de transition 3d ou 4f : relations structure - propriétés magnétiques, effets de dimensionnalité

Abstract : This work deals with the synthesis and the structural and magnetic properties of crystalline solids resulting from the three-dimensional assembly of an organic dicarboxylate molecule and of an inorganic subnetwork based on transition metal cations. For the considered compounds the organic moiety has a structural role enabling the condensation of the magnetic atoms within a low dimensional (OD, 1D or 2D) inorganic subnetwork. This work aims to increase the understanding of the relations between structure and magnetic properties in these frameworks. New compounds have been synthesized and characterized (single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction techniques), and a particular attention has been devoted to the study of bimetallic solid solutions of previously known compounds. In this latter case various methods are used in order to localize two metallic cations having close electronic densities among different crystallographic sites. Most of the hybrid solids studied in this thesis are based on 3d transition metal cations and their magnetism is investigated by various techniques, giving both a macroscopic characterization of their behavior (magnetization and heat capacity measurements) and a microscopic understanding of these properties (neutron diffraction and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy). A series of compounds based on 4f transition metal elements is also described, in particular because of the magnetic properties of the Gd(III)-based compound. Its low-temperature magnetocaloric effect has been evaluated and has proved being excellent
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Romain Sibille. Solides hybrides organique - inorganique à base de molécules dicarboxylates et d'éléments de transition 3d ou 4f : relations structure - propriétés magnétiques, effets de dimensionnalité. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0163⟩. ⟨tel-01749351⟩

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