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Effets de la stimulation des cellules de leucémie lymphoïde chronique via TLR-7 et TLR-9

Abstract : Chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL), characterized by in vivo resistance to apoptosis and poor immunogenicity of leukemic cells is a hetereogeneous disease. Immunochemotherapy has allowed to progress greatly in its treatment, but the identification of new immunotherapy targets would be welcome. In this context, the presence of TLR-7 and TLR-9 on CLL cells is a promising prospect. The main objective of this work was therefore to precise the effects of in vitro engagement of TLR-7 and TLR-9 on tumor cells by their respective ligands Imiquimod R837 and ODN CpG M362. These effects were examined on CLL classified according to clinical evolution and /or according to their IgVH mutational status. Separated cells from 40 patients were cultured for three days with medium alone, acetate phorbolmyristate (PMA) or Imiquimod or ODN. Flow cytometry allowed to study the expression of TLRs and differentiation antigens on CLL cells' surface, to evaluate apoptosis, measure proliferation and assay cytokines production. Signaling pathways were further studied by antibody-array and western blot. Data obtained confirmed that TLRs are active and respond to their ligands on CLL B-cells. Imiquimod induces increased apoptosis, especially in patients with stable disease or mutated IgVH, with the additional involvement of the p38MAPK pathway. ODN induces cell proliferation and protects them from apoptosis, mostly for patients with an aggressive disease and/or unmutated IgVH. This is concomitant of the activation of anti-apoptotic proteins and of the production of IL-8 and IL-6. These results suggest that Imiquimod and ODN could enter in an adjuvant immunotherapy strategy in CLL
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749379
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Min Chen. Effets de la stimulation des cellules de leucémie lymphoïde chronique via TLR-7 et TLR-9. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0016⟩. ⟨tel-01749379⟩

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