Rheophysical properties of fluorinated nonionic micellar phases : link with mesoporous materials

Abstract : To provide a link between the micellar templates and the mesoporous material characteristics in the final product, the physical properties of aqueous systems prepared with two kinds of fluorinated surfactants are described and analyzed under equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium conditions: the surfactants are C8F17C2H4(OC2H4)9OH, [RF8(EO)9] and C7F15C2H4(OC2H4)8OH, [RF7(EO)8]. This study may help us to understand why the ordered mesoporous materials are recovered only when RF8(EO)9 micellar solutions are used as building blocks while RF7(EO)8 solutions give rise to wormhole like structure. The distance to the lower consolute boundary (LCB) and a shift in position by salt additions are also taken into account. The experiments concern four systems of two surfactants; 1) pure RF7(EO)8 in water, 2) RF7(EO)8 in the presence of the NaI salt, 3) pure RF8(EO)9 in water, and 4) RF8(EO)9 in the presence of the NaCl salt. Several experimental techniques have been used (rheology, flow birefringence, neutron scattering) to shed light on the physical difference between the four systems. The phase diagrams of both surfactants show that a direct micellar phase (L1) exists in a wide range of concentrations and temperatures. In any cases, the distance to the LCB is a parameter which influences rheological behaviour although the micellar phase still is a L1 phase. The flow birefringence experiments performed on both systems bring complementary information of the size and shape of the micelles. For both systems, with and without salt, the results suggest the existence of small elongated micelles linked by weak forces except for the RF8(EO)9 system which shows no birefringence; the micelles in solution are probably small with a shape close to a sphere. From all four systems, the loss of the Maxwellian character is generally observed when the conditions approach the miscibility curve. These results consolidate the assumption that in order to prepare ordered mesoporous materials, the thermodynamical conditions at which the silica precursor is added to the micellar solution should not be too close to the miscibility curve. Therefore, this study suggests that the Maxwellian character seems to be a pre-requisite condition of the micellar solution for obtaining ordered mesoporous materials
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Rawiwan Banchathanakij. Rheophysical properties of fluorinated nonionic micellar phases : link with mesoporous materials. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0283⟩. ⟨tel-01749396⟩

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