Surfaces d'alliages métalliques complexes à base d'aluminium et de cobalt : structures atomique et électronique, stabilité et adsorption

Abstract : Complex metallic alloys (CMAs) are intermetallic compounds whose crystal structure differs from the usual alloys by the number of atoms in the unit cell and the occurrence of high symmetry aggregates as building blocks. The specific structure of CMAs gives them unique physical and chemical properties compared to more conventional metallic alloys, particularly with regard to surface properties.The overall goal of this thesis is the determination of the atomic and electronic surface structure of alumnium-cobalt based complex metal alloys using ab initio calculation methods based on the density functional theory. Several alloys of different complexity were considered: Al5Co2, Al9Co2 and o-Al13Co4. The calculation results of this work are confronted with experimental data.The present manuscript contains three parts. The first part deals with numerical methods. The second part deals with the study of clean surfaces. A structural model is proposed for the termination of the (001)Al9Co2 and (100)o-Al13Co4 surfaces, which consist in a dense aluminum rich plan obtained by bulk truncation. This result is in good agreement with what is observed in the case of quasicrystals a special case of CMAs. This study also shows that for all surfaces studied, the presence of cobalt atoms on the surface is unfavoured. The quasi-covalent bonds present in the studied CMAs plays a fundamental role in the selection of the surface plane.The third part of this work deals with the adsorption of lead and oxygen atoms on the (001)Al9Co2 and (100)o-Al13Co4 surfaces. The study reveals that the surface and subsurface cobalt atoms influence on the determination of the preferential adsorption sites. The substrate atomic relaxation is important in the case of atomic oxygen adsorption. The calculated Al-O distances correspond to typical atomic oxygen adsorption distances on the (111)Al surface and with the Al-O distances in the Al2O3 oxide. In the case of atomic lead adsorption on the (100)o-Al13Co4 surface, the first step towards the formation of a pseudomorphic film was simulated.
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Sebastian Alarcon Villaseca. Surfaces d'alliages métalliques complexes à base d'aluminium et de cobalt : structures atomique et électronique, stabilité et adsorption. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL067N⟩. ⟨tel-01749432⟩

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