Hyperaccumulation du Cadmium par Noccaea caerulescens : cinétique, répartition et prédiction

Abstract : Prediction of cadmium transfer from soil to plant can be achieved by the development of a model describing metal dynamics in the plant. This thesis analyzes Cd accumulation and distribution kinetics in Noccaea caerulescens, in the whole plant and its organs during a growth cycle. A simple predictive model, based on the relationship between Cd exposure concentration and plant Cd concentration, is also developped. This work is based on long-term experiments in controlled conditions with a constant exposure and on outside soil experiments. When N. caerulescens is exposed to a constant concentration under controlled conditions, biomass allocation and Cd translocation to the shoots are constant over time. A strong linear relationship exists between the amount of Cd taken up, biomass and exposure concentration, represented by the bioconcentration factor (BCF). The plant development has no effect on Cd root influx, which remains constant during time and proportional to Cd exposure concentration. These results suggest that Cd is allocated to the various shoots? tissues without predilection. On the other hand, in the field, Cd, Ni, end Zn concentrations in shoots decrease over time after vernalization. The three metals have similar behaviors in terms of accumulation in the different tissues. The maximum amount of Cd in shoots is observed at 2100°Cdays. When the plant is in flower, no privileged shoots parts appear in Cd hyperaccumulation, the BCF is constant over time. The use of the BCF, measured in controlled conditions, allows a correct prediction of shoots concentrations, unlike the Barber-Cushman model
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Lucie Lovy. Hyperaccumulation du Cadmium par Noccaea caerulescens : cinétique, répartition et prédiction. Biologie végétale. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0315⟩. ⟨tel-01749475⟩

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