Rôle du récepteur aux lipoprotéines, LSR, dans la régulation du transport et de la distribution des lipides alimentaires

Abstract : The hepatic lipoprotein receptor LSR is involved in the clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins including chylomicrons remnants during the post-prandial phase. Reduced LSR protein expression in mice (LSR+/-) is associated with dyslipidemia and increased postprandial lipemia; these mice exhibit increased weight gain with aging or when placed under a high-fat diet. In order to better understand the regulation of the distribution of dietary lipids, we looked for factors that could regulate LSR protein levels. Leptin is a hormone secreted by the adipose tissue that is a centrally-acting satiety factor, and was demonstrated to modulate LSR mRNA and protein expression through the modulation of transcription of the gene lsr. Leptin has been reported be involved in the control of lipogenesis through SREBP-1c. Using Garcinia cambogia extract containing an inhibitor of ATP citrate lyase, we demonstrated that there is an important link between lipogenic enzymes and LSR protein levels and with other lipoprotein receptors that provides the means to maintain a balance between endogenous lipid synthesis and dietary intake of exogenous lipids. When exogenous lipid intake is increased in the form of a high-fat diet, mice exhibited a decrease in hepatic lipogenic enzymes expression, but a deficiency of LSR led to increased lipid content in the peripheral tissues. These results suggest the presence of mechanisms for the maintenance for the balance between lipogenesis (de novo endogenous lipid synthesis), lipolysis (lipids used as energy substrate), and lipid storage through an important link between lipogenic enzymes and LSR.
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Marine Hanse. Rôle du récepteur aux lipoprotéines, LSR, dans la régulation du transport et de la distribution des lipides alimentaires. Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL086N⟩. ⟨tel-01749501⟩

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