Influence des amidons natifs ou acétylés de manioc et de pomme de terre sur les propriétés physico-chimiques et texturales du pâté de Boeuf (Bos indicus)

Abstract : The first part of this work deals with the physico-chemical and rheological characterisation of native starches of two local cultivars of Irish potatoes (Sipiera and Tselefou) and three cultivars of cassava (2425, 4115 and Seedling) before they are incorporated into beef patty at 20, 30, 40 and 50g/kg ground meat. The influence of the type of starch and the amount of incorporation on the physico-chemical and textural properties of patties was evaluated. Results show that the physical, functional and rheological properties of starches are closely related to their botanical origin. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed that Irish potato cultivar Sipiera had properties that were close to reference. The PCA of all the textural properties of patties with native starches show that patty from starch of cassava cultivar Seedling at 40g/kg (PS40) was closest to the reference. In the second part of the work, the starch Sipiera and 2425 were selected for modification. These two starches were then acetylated for 10 and 20min. and this permitted us to have Sipiera/10, Sipiera/20, 2425/10 and 2425/20. The functional properties of the native starches were however strongly influenced by acetylation and the time of acetylation. Incorporation trials of this acetylated starches at different amounts in patty showed that Sipiera/20 starch at an incorporation rate of 40g/kg ground meat is not significantly different from the reference patty
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Pierre Désiré Mbougueng. Influence des amidons natifs ou acétylés de manioc et de pomme de terre sur les propriétés physico-chimiques et texturales du pâté de Boeuf (Bos indicus). Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL007N⟩. ⟨tel-01749517⟩

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