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Identification and functional characterization of the first two aromatic prenyltransferases implicated in the biosynthesis of furanocoumarins and prenylated coumarins in two plant families: Rutaceae and Apiaceae

Abstract : Furanocoumarins constitute one of the classes of secondary metabolites deriving from the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. These molecules are described as phytoalexins in plants but are also used by humans for their pharmaceutical properties. A large number of biochemical studies were carried out to understand their biosynthetic pathway but little information was available concerning the genes involved in the pathway. In this study, we focused on the characterization of genes encoding for aromatic prenyltransferases which were described to be involved in this pathway. Prenlyltransferases catalyze the entry step to the linear or angular furanocoumarin pathway. Hence they catalyze the addition of a dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) prenyl moiety to umbelliferone. Using a recently characterized aromatic prenyltransferase (SfN8DT-1) as a probe, we isolated 7 different candidate genes from two plant families (Rutaceae and Apiaceae). As these enzymes were described as membrane bound proteins, we adapted a heterologous expression system made up of Nicotiana benthamian aand we validated its efficiency by using two membrane-associated enzymes: a cytochrome P450 (CYP98A22) and the already described prenyltransferase SfN8DT-1. Subsequently, this system was used to perform the functional characterization of the 7 newly identified proteins. This way we succeeded to characterize the first umbelliferone prenyltransferase of Petroselinum crispum that was able to catalyze both the 6-C and 8-C prenylation of umbelliferone with DMAPP producing demethylsuberosin and osthenol respectively. We made evidence that these reactions occurred both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, in planta studies performed in P.crispum showed a positive relationship between the gene expression level and the content of prenylated umbelliferone. The overexpression of this gene was investigated in Ruta graveolens and we could provide evidences of a link between the enzymatic activity and the disappearance of umbelliferone. We also reported a similar activity for a prenyltransferase isolated from Pastinaca sativa, which makes us assume that the prenylation step is not a rate limiting step in the biosynthetic pathway of angular furanocoumarins since parsley is producing only linear furanocoumarins whereas parsnip is producing both linear and angular furanocoumarins. In addition, using the same N. benthamiana and R. graveolens heterologous expression systems, we identified a second aromatic prenyltransferase able to catalyze the addition of geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) both to umbelliferone and esculetin
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:19:45 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01749560, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 214115

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Fazeelat Karamat. Identification and functional characterization of the first two aromatic prenyltransferases implicated in the biosynthesis of furanocoumarins and prenylated coumarins in two plant families: Rutaceae and Apiaceae. Agronomy. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0029⟩. ⟨tel-01749560⟩

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