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Mousses rigides et élastiques à base de tannins et d'albumine : préparation, caractérisation et modification

Abstract : The solid foams, because of their low density and cell structure, are commercial products with more and more interest. In recent decades, various methods for making foams based on bio-based materials have been prepared and characterized, such as lignin, starch and tannins. Because of their low cost, their resistance to compression, their high insulation and resistance to fire, tannin/furanic foams are supposed to be alternatives of phenolic foams and polyurethane in various applications. However, tannin/furanic foams are: a) lower mechanical resistant than synthetic foams such as polyurethane and phenolic foams b) potentially toxic because of formaldehyde, c) it is also interesting to prepare a foam more elastic. In this thesis, These works were carried out by four main steps: 1) Study and understanding the relationship of structure and properties of the foams. So different blowing agents, such as diethyl ether, pentane, and isocyanates and polyurethanes, were studied. 2) Carbon black, carbon nanotubes, nano clay, oligomers of hyperbranched poly (ester-amine) and pMDI were added to the formulations to improve their mechanical properties and change their cellular structures. 3) Glyoxal and glutaraldehyde have been tried to replace and prepare formaldehyde-free formaldehyde foams. 4) A new foam, albumin foam was prepared, characterized and optimized
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Xinjun Li. Mousses rigides et élastiques à base de tannins et d'albumine : préparation, caractérisation et modification. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0036⟩. ⟨tel-01749568⟩



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