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Métallogenèse de l'uranium associée à des processus superficiels : l'exemple de la Jordanie centrale

Abstract : The different lithologies of the Belqa Group present an enrichment in P and various redox sensitive elements. The U, Cu, Co, Mo, V enrichment results from synsedimentary deposition in suboxic conditions. However, the higher Cr, Ni, Cd, Zn enrichment requires an exogenic metal flux probably related to the terrestrial leaching of ultrabasic rocks obducted during the collision between African-Arabian and Eurasian plates to the north of the study region, at the same time. Phosphates are the main host lithology for uranium and rare earth elements. The analysis of the apatites by laser ablation ICP-MS shows their evolution along the sedimentary-diagenetic and pyrometamorphic stages, up to the supergene weathering. The uranium liberation from the apatite structure during the pyrometamorphism and surficial weathering led to its availability as supergene ore mineralization. Pyrometamorphism resulted from the combustion of organic-rich layers and caused the destabilization of the apatites, and the formation of rocks which have compositions similar to clinker/Portland cements. Uranium has been also released from the structure of the apatite by supergene alteration. Meteoric weathering and the evaporitic groundwater resulted in the leaching and the transport of the elements (U, V) from the metamorphic carbonated hills, and from the surrounding permeable limestone which has undergone dissolution in the near surface zone
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Stéphanie Fleurance. Métallogenèse de l'uranium associée à des processus superficiels : l'exemple de la Jordanie centrale. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0312⟩. ⟨tel-01749656⟩

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