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Analyse économétrique des décisions de production des propriétaires forestiers privés non industriels en France

Abstract : Timber production is related to economic, climate and energy issues. In France, according to data from the National Institute of Geoinformation and Forestry, the biological growth rate of the forest is greater than the timber harvest rate. Thus, the French government has set a target of harvesting an additional quantity of 21 million cubic meter of timber by 2020 ("Grenelle de l'environnement, 2007"). However, the French forest is majority owned by private forest owners who have preferences for both income from timber trade and from non-timber amenities. The policies to increase timber production must include these aspects. The objective of this thesis is to understand the determinants of joint production of timber and non-timber amenities in France. Therefore, we first analyze private forest owners' timber supply, taking into account individual and regional determinants. Afterwards, we investigate whether the drivers of forest owners behavior differ within and between these different levels. We show that similar timber supply behavior can be observed when regional characteristics or those of peers are similar. Then, we highlight a mimicry behavior in joint production decisions of timber and amenities made by private forest owners. Finally, we analyze inter-temporal trade-offs made by the owners from non-timber amenities and income from the sale of wood. We explicitly take into account the price expectations and growth. Our estimations show that the willingness to pay for non-timber amenities is e23 for our case study. This value is the difference between the value they could have earned if they tried to maximize timber revenue and the revenue of their actual logging. Mainly beacause of a lack of involvement of private owners, either through a lack of knowledge or interest in their forest, or because other aspects are privileged (nontimber amenities, e.g.), a part of forest ressource is not subject to a commercial offer. Providing ways to mobilize this ressource is one of the challenges of this work. We show that the mimetic effects and the contextual effects can be used to encourage forest owners to produce more timber. An effective policy could be a combination of these two effects. We also show that an increase in the price of timber or the adoption of a tax may be an incentive for timber harvesting.
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Eric Nazindigouba Kere. Analyse économétrique des décisions de production des propriétaires forestiers privés non industriels en France. Economies et finances. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0052⟩. ⟨tel-01749679⟩

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