Les immigrés maghrébins à l'épreuve du vieillissement : Concept de soi et qualité de vie

Abstract : How does the North African immigrant perceive his retirement; how does he describe and explain his quality of life; and what function does the cultural structure play in the self-perceptions of aging? These are some questions that have guided our work, whose aimed to study the self-concept and the quality of life of North African immigrants to the test of ageing. As far as we know, and after consulting the database Sudoc (http://www.sudoc.abes.fr) and the National Index of Theses (www.theses.fr/), it is about one of the fewest studies in psychology dealing with this issue. Our thesis consists of two parts: a theoretical part and an empirical part. In the first one we presented various theories and conceptual references related to immigration, otherness, personality and ageing. Then we discussed the self-concept through its conscious (introspective) and self-reported dimension, which evaluates the subjective and experiential aspects of the self-perceptions (L'Ecuyer, 1994). Another major aspect discussed was the theoretical arrangements on indicators and the properties of the internal and external quality of life. The second part, presents two comparative studies. The first focused on the exploration of the GSP method (Genesis self-perceptions; L'Ecuyer, 1994) as a model of self-description, in which we tried to introduce the cultural dimension. This study targeted three groups of participants (North Africans immigrants, French, and North Africans residents of the home country). The second study included measures of the quality of life in relation to self-concept via a questionnaire administrated to both North Africans immigrants and native-born French elderly. This comparative study allowed us to assess how these old people adapt to their living conditions. It was used to compare the two groups in the light of life satisfaction, locus of control, the social and emotional loneliness, marital satisfaction, and perceived social support. Our results have allowed us to distinguish the differences and the similarities between the participants' concerning self-concept and quality of life. Finally, we tried in our discussion to explore the role of the cultural system mark on the functioning inter-, intra-and trans-subjective.
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Nedjem Eddine Boudouda. Les immigrés maghrébins à l'épreuve du vieillissement : Concept de soi et qualité de vie. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0049⟩. ⟨tel-01749719⟩

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