Bioencapsulation of oxidases and dehydrogenases using electrochemically-assisted sol-gel deposition on the nanoobjects network

Abstract : In this thesis, the research work was focused on the immobilization of different enzymes (oxidases and dehydrogenases) into biocomposite silica matrix with the aim of amperometric biosensors construction. Then, the structured nanomaterials were introduced in the system in order to improve the characteristics of biosensors. The method of electrochemically-assisted deposition was chosen for the immobilization of enzymes on the surface of nanomaterials as it provides possibility of fine tuning of film thickness allowing covering each individual nanoobject. The feasibility of this was shown while modifying the platinum nanofibers, which demonstrate high electroactive surface and H2O2 oxidation rate, with silica-glucose oxidase biocomposite. The electrochemically-assisted deposition also allows the express modification of gold screen-printed electrodes with silica-choline oxidase biocomposite making possible the quick fabrication of cheap choline biosensors with high analytical characteristics. The carbon nanotubes was chosen as matrix for the immobilization of dehydrogenases as they have high surface area and electrocatalytic properties towards the oxidation of enzymatic co-factor NADH. The method of electrophoretic deposition was used for the creation of porous CNT-layer with controllable thickness on the surface of glassy carbon electrode. Created thereby matrix demonstrated good electrochemical performance significantly shifting the potential and increasing sensitivity of NADH oxidation. Then the biocomposite silica-sorbitol dehydrogenase film was deposited on the CNT-layer by means of electrochemically-assisted deposition for the construction of high-performance sorbitol biosensor. The method of electrophoretic deposition was also applied for the first time for the construction of thick macroporous CNT-assemblies with uniform pore size using template approach. Such macroporous CNT-electrode was used for the co-immobilization of sorbitol dehydrogenase and enzymatic co-factor inside the pores demonstrating higher sensitivity of sorbitol detection in comparison with nonporous CNT-electrode
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Ievgen Mazurenko. Bioencapsulation of oxidases and dehydrogenases using electrochemically-assisted sol-gel deposition on the nanoobjects network. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0067⟩. ⟨tel-01749805⟩

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