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Mesure et modélisation de l'hétérogénéité énergétique à l'interface oxyde/électrolyte/métaux

Abstract : Oxides surfaces are energetically heterogeneous towards adsorption. At solid/gas interface, argon or nitrogen have already been used to evidence surface heterogeneity (morphology or reactivity). In this study, protons or hydroxyls are used as surface probes of topochemical and energetic heterogeneity at solid/liquid interface. The goal was to work with raw experimental data since smoothing procedures may smear out valuable information on local heterogeneity. Highresolution potentiometric titration (up to 50 data points per pH unit) are treated as accurate H+ or OH- adsorption isotherms. The derivative form of isotherms is recomposed by using local adsorption isotherms (TitriDIS procedure (Titration Derivative Isotherm Summation)) to identify various energetic domains and also affinity distributions. Local isotherms are basically derived from 1-pK charging equation, which can be written as a Langmuir-Ternkin isotherm. Bach domain is described by a specifie local dissociation/complexation equilibrium, characterized by one pK, a pK distribution and/or an effect of surrounding sites. Energetic domains show various reactivity of various surface sites and evidence the proton affinity distribution of the surface. In this work, three synthetic ( oxy-hydr)oxides, among the most studied in literature, were used: anatase, goethite and amorphous silica. Electrophoretic mobility, adsorption edges and surface charge have been measured, witout or with metallic cations (Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+). A set of different pKs (which represents the affinity for the cation) was determined for the three samples (quasicontinuous distribution for silica, 2 main domains for anatase, and 4 kinds of reactives sites for goethite ). The energetic distributions reveal the various effects of crystallographic faces, defects, impurities, or dissolution. Such an analytical procedure represent an exciting tool to map (nature, localization and density) smface active sites of importance in interfacial phenomena.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:28:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 5:54:04 PM
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Bénédicte Prélot. Mesure et modélisation de l'hétérogénéité énergétique à l'interface oxyde/électrolyte/métaux. Sciences de la Terre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001INPL016N⟩. ⟨tel-01749816⟩



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