Modélisation et optimisation des démarreurs à inducteur bobiné pour l'application "stop-start" ou micro-hybride

Abstract : Nowadays, brushed DC motors are still used in many applications. In automotive industry, manufacturing cost and reliability are the two most important key indicators. That's why DC motors are preferred to others solutions requiring power electronics supply. But, there are also some drawbacks ; when the inrush current occurs (when the power-contact is switched on) the DC voltage of the battery decrease and can damage electronic components of the car. The wear of the brush-segments system is also a key issue for the life time of the starter. The new specifications for a « Stop-Start » starter use lead to a significant increase of the number of re-start cycles to be done by the device. We consider that a car achieve more than 450000 stop-and-start cycles during its lifetime whereas this number is only 30000 for the standard vehicles. These specifications justify the research work lead by Valeo on such device. An important part of the thesis concerns the modeling and the measurement of the commutation phenomena. The electric arc occurring at the brush trailing edges (when the physical contact ends) causes the wear of the brush-commutator system. A better knowledge of influent factors can lead to more robust device development. In a second part, we study the optimal design of a car starter regarding specifications. After a review of different optimization methods for dealing with such a problem, we select the most relevant ones and solve different practical problem around the starter. This issue is very important regarding the quantities of device manufactured and the market of micro-hybrid which is growing up very fast
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Raphaël Andreux. Modélisation et optimisation des démarreurs à inducteur bobiné pour l'application "stop-start" ou micro-hybride. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0088⟩. ⟨tel-01749863⟩

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